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Limited Submission: Flow Battery Systems Manufacturing

This program seeks proposals for projects that focus on work to develop or improve manufacturing processes for individual flow battery components, followed by collaborative work to integrate those new or improved components into a prototype system with a mid-sized capacity for industrial applications.


The Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) funds a broad portfolio to catalyze research, development, and adoption of energy-related advanced manufacturing technologies and practices to increase energy productivity and drive U.S. economic competitiveness. AMO supports advancing energy storage in two ways: 1) Improving the manufacturability of emerging energy storage technologies to accelerate their adoption and grow domestic manufacturing; and 2) Increasing the economic competitiveness of industrial and commercial sectors by integrating energy storage into their operations.

Flow batteries have great potential to meet demand for grid-scale energy storage, which enables flexible, resilient, and efficient infrastructure. Through this funding opportunity announcement (FOA), AMO seeks proposals for collaborative, multi-stage R&D projects that focus on work to develop or improve manufacturing processes for individual flow battery components, followed by collaborative work to integrate those new or improved components into a prototype system with a mid-sized capacity for industrial applications. Projects selected will address gaps and challenges in energy storage manufacturing to:

  • Enable cost-effective, scalable manufacturing for mid-sized (i.e., 10 – 100 kilowatt hour) flow battery systems;
  • Test and validate the flow battery system’s manufacturability;
  • Strengthen the U.S. flow battery supply chains by connecting battery manufacturing stakeholders.

Please read the full program announcement before preparing your internal application.

Award Amount

  • EERE expects to make a total of approximately $20,000,000 of federal funding available for new awards under this FOA, subject to the availability of appropriated funds. EERE anticipates making approximately 4 to 6 awards under this FOA. EERE may issue one, multiple, or no awards. Individual awards may vary between $3,000,000 and $5,000,000.
  • The cost share must be at least 20% of the total allowable costs for R&D projects (i.e., the sum of the government share, including FFRDC costs if applicable, and the recipient share of allowable costs equals the total allowable cost of the project) and must come from non-federal sources unless otherwise allowed by law.


The proposed prime recipients and subrecipients must be domestic entities. The following types of domestic entities are eligible to participate as a prime recipient or subrecipient of this FOA:

  1. Institutions of higher education;
  2. For-profit entities;
  3. Non-profit entities;
  4. DOE National Laboratories;
  5. State, local, and tribal governments; and
  6. Federal agencies and instrumentalities other than DOE (eligible as a subrecipient, but not eligible as a prime recipient).

Selection Criteria

Concept Paper Criterion:

  • This criterion involves consideration of the following factors:
  • The applicant clearly describes the proposed technology, describes how the technology is unique and innovative, and how the technology will advance the current state-of-the-art;
  • The applicant has identified risks and challenges, including possible mitigation strategies, and has shown the impact that EERE funding and the proposed project would have on the relevant field and application;
  • The applicant has the qualifications, experience, capabilities, and other resources necessary to complete the proposed project; and
  • The proposed work, if successfully accomplished, would clearly meet the objectives as stated in the FOA.

Full Application Criterion:

  • Technical Merit, Innovation, and Impact:
    • Extent to which the proposed technology or process is innovative;
    • Degree to which the current state of the technology and the proposed advancement are clearly described;
    • Extent to which the application specifically and convincingly demonstrates how the applicant will move the state-of-the-art to the proposed advancement and address the gaps in the area of focus;
    • Scientific and technical quality of the proposed RDD&D, including the degree to which it is comprehensive, well-balanced, and at the forefront of current worldwide research efforts;
    • Strength of approach to technical integration from component to battery system;
    • Sufficiency of technical detail in the application to assess whether the proposed work is scientifically meritorious and revolutionary, including relevant data, calculations, and discussion of prior work in the literature with analyses that support the viability of the proposed work; and
    • Extent to which the project benefits disadvantaged communities (as described in the Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Plan).
    • How well the project supports the topic area objectives and target specifications;
    • The potential impact of the project on advancing the state-of-the-art, reducing flow battery system manufacturing costs, and increasing energy efficiency; and
    • The likelihood that the proposed project will strengthen the domestic flow battery manufacturing ecosystem that connects battery manufacturing stakeholders.
  • Project Research and Market Transformation Plan
    • Degree to which the approach and critical path have been clearly described and thoughtfully considered;
    • Degree to which the task descriptions are clear, detailed, timely, and reasonable, resulting in a high likelihood that the proposed Workplan and SOPO will succeed in meeting the project goals;
    • Degree to which the testing and validation approach critically evaluates performance from component to system level and sufficiently simulates system operation in a relevant environment
    • Discussion and demonstrated understanding of the key technical risk areas involved in the proposed work and the quality of the mitigation strategies to address them from the component to the full system scale.
    • Identification of project milestones and deliverables (see Section IV.D.ii. “Milestone Summary” and Section I.B. on deliverables); and
    • Relative to a clearly defined experimental baseline, the strength of the quantifiable metrics, milestones, and deliverables defined in the application, such that meaningful interim progress will be made.
    • Identification of target market, market size, potential size/impact of the technology innovation, competitors, customers, and distribution channels for proposed technology along with known or perceived barriers to market penetration, including mitigation plan; and
    • Comprehensiveness of market transformation plan including, but not limited to, product development and/or service plan, commercialization timeline (including an estimated number of years to commercialization), financing, product marketing, legal/regulatory considerations including intellectual property, infrastructure requirements, Data Management Plan, U.S. Manufacturing Plan etc., and product distribution.
  • Team and Resources
    • The capability of the Principal Investigator(s) and the proposed team to address all aspects of the proposed work with a high probability of success. The qualifications, relevant expertise, and time commitment of the individuals on the team;
    • The sufficiency of the facilities to support the work;
    • The degree to which the proposed consortia/team demonstrates the ability to facilitate and expedite further development and commercial deployment of the proposed technologies;
    • The level of participation by project participants as evidenced by letter(s) of commitment and how well they are integrated into the Workplan;
    • The reasonableness of the budget and spend plan for the proposed project and objectives
    • The level of cohesion between the Principal Investigator(s) and team members, as demonstrated by historical industrial partnerships and/or the Workplan’s proposed schedule and structure that ensure effective communication and active participation from all members; and
    • The quality and extent of the measures to incorporate diversity, equity, and inclusion goals in the project outlined in the Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Plan (See Section IV.D.xvii.).

Limitation Details

An Institution may submit one concept paper and one full application.

If you are interested in submitting for this program, you must first submit an internal application to according to the required instructions below.

Internal Applications must include the following:

  • A cover page listing
    • The name of this funding opportunity and title of your proposal
    • Your name, UGA position, home department, email, and UGA contact information
    • Collaborator names, positions, and institutions (if any)
    • Indicate whether or not you have submitted to this program in the past. If so, please provide a copy of the review at the end of the internal application.
  • A (maximum two-page) proposal summary that addresses the program’s specific selection criteria.
  • One paragraph describing why this proposal should be UGA’s submission (i.e., why it will be the most competitive for this program)
  • One page describing the amount and source of cost share.
  • Curriculum vitae

Internal Selection

Limited Submission announcements often generate multiple competing proposals.  UGA reviewers judge proposals as they would in any peer review process, so PIs are urged to put their best foot forward.  Along with typical criteria, reviewers will evaluate internal proposals based on their fit with the sponsor’s articulated goals and criteria.

Internal Submission Instructions

The above internal application materials should be submitted via email as a single .PDF file to by the internal deadline listed above.


Please submit questions regarding the internal competition to

Questions regarding the content of the FOA must be submitted to:

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